At CityVet, even routine elective surgeries are handled with the most progressive and safest medical standards for your pet.

Our surgery protocols include best practice approaches to pre-medications and anesthesia, monitoring, and IV catheter and fluid support, with top priority on keeping your pet comfortable and safe, and minimizing stress.

We provide many surgical services at our clinic including routine spay and neuters, soft-tissue surgeries and orthopedic surgeries. Occasionally, we refer our patients to specialists (board-certified veterinary surgeons) to perform complex operations.

Select (below) to view the surgical services we offer in more detail:

Spaying

Spaying refers to the surgical procedure performed on female dogs and cats to render them infertile.

We recommend most pets undergo the spay/neuter procedure at 6 months of age. At CityVet, we don’t do surgery assembly-line style. Even routine elective surgeries are performed with safety as our top priority, and with a goal to minimize pain, stress, and discomfort.

Why Spay or Neuter Your Pet?

There are many benefits to spaying your female companion. First, you will contribute to the prevention of the dog and cat overpopulation. Second, spaying will eliminate the sometimes ‘messy’ heat cycles that attract male dogs to your house from miles away. Third, you will help prevent diseases in your pet such as pyometra (infection in the uterus) and mammary cancer. Spaying involves surgical removal of both ovaries and the uterus. It can be performed under a number of anesthetics and monitoring devices.

If you are shopping around for a competitive price on this procedure, be sure to question the type of anesthetic used and the monitoring equipment and procedures followed. We use several monitoring devices during your pet’s anesthetic. A veterinary technician continually assesses your pet’s vital signs during the procedure. Although the risk of an anesthetic death in a normal healthy pet is very rare, our monitoring devices and procedures allow us to respond to an anesthetic emergency faster. Faster responses can save lives.

Pre-anesthetic blood testing is strongly recommended but not required.

A complete blood count and serum chemistry prior to the procedure provides us with a better understanding of your pet’s overall health and anesthetic risk, and often allows your veterinarian to detect disease that would not be found during routine examination.

Spay & Neuter Procedure includes:
  • Anesthesia and monitoring
  • IV catheter and fluids
  • Surgery and hospitalization
  • Routine post-op pain medications
  • Any required check-ups and suture removal
  • E-collar included if needed

Please call or visit our facility to learn more about our surgical recommendations and spaying procedures.

Neutering

Neutering refers to the surgical procedure performed on male dogs and cats to render them infertile. 

We recommend most pets undergo the neuter procedure at 6 months of age. At CityVet, we don’t do surgery assembly-line style. Even routine elective surgeries are performed with safety as our top priority, and with a goal to minimize pain, stress, and discomfort.

Why Neuter Your Pet?

There are many benefits to neutering your male companion. First, you will contribute to the prevention of the dog and cat overpopulation. Second, neutering will eliminate or reduce spraying and marking behaviors.  It will also decrease aggression and often times prevent male animals from roaming.  Third, you will help prevent diseases in your pet such as prostate or testicular cancer and help to prevent prostatitis (an painful infection of the prostate).  Neutering involves surgical removal of both testicles.  It can be performed under a number of anesthetics and monitoring devices.

If you are shopping around for a competitive price on this procedure, be sure to question the type of anesthetic used and the monitoring equipment and procedures followed. We use several monitoring devices during your pet’s anesthetic. A veterinary technician continually assesses your pet’s vital signs during the procedure. Although the risk of an anesthetic death in a normal healthy pet is very rare, our monitoring devices and procedures allow us to respond to an anesthetic emergency faster. Faster responses can save lives.

Pre-anesthetic blood testing is strongly recommended but not required.

A complete blood count and serum chemistry prior to the procedure provides us with a better understanding of your pet’s overall health and anesthetic risk, and often allows your veterinarian to detect disease that would not be found during routine examination.

Spay & Neuter Procedure includes:
  • Anesthesia and monitoring
  • IV catheter and fluids
  • Surgery and hospitalization
  • Routine post-op pain medications
  • Any required check-ups and suture removal
  • E-collar included if needed

Please call or visit our facility to learn more about our surgical recommendations and spaying procedures.

Declawing

Declawing (onychectomy) is the surgical removal of the nail bed.

In cats the nail or claw is produced by a piece of bone called the ungal process located at the end of each toe. This bony process must be removed in its entirety to prevent regrowth of the nail and to optimize healing. Our surgical technique is designed to minimize the size of the wound and the post-operative discomfort in order to expedite the healing process. Some of our clinics offer laser declaws to further minimize pain, inflammation, and bleeding as well as speed the healing process.

Declaw surgery requires special considerations because of the nature of the procedure, location of the incision site, and grooming habits of cats. Most surgeons elect not to use sutures (stitches) to close declaw incisions. Most cats would chew and tear stitches out causing open wounds and infection. Instead, a special type of tissue glue is used to minimize problems secondary to normal grooming behavior. In addition, the surgery site itself (on the tip and contact surface of the feet) poses additional risks and warrants specialized post-operative care. The surgical wounds must withstand the pressure and trauma of weight bearing soon after surgery as well as contamination from floor surfaces and litter boxes. This means bandage therapy, special cat litter, medications, and close post-surgical observation by us and the owner following discharge are all important.

Following the procedure, the patient remains hospitalized for 1-2 days to ensure that proper healing is taking place. The bandages are removed the second day and patients are confined to minimize pressure on the feet and to monitor for problems such as chewing, bleeding, excessive pain, etc. Patients are generally discharged on the third day.

Soft Tissue Surgery

Soft tissue surgery includes surgeries not associated with bone. Examples of soft tissue surgeries and their benefits are listed below.

Probably the most common soft tissue surgery performed at our clinic is the removal of masses or ‘lumps’ on animals. Most of these masses or ‘lumps’, once removed and tested, are benign (non-harmful); however, occasionally they are more serious. Early removal and accurate diagnosis of a ‘lump’ is necessary to improve the outcome in your pet if the mass is cancerous. Lacerations are also common in pets and suturing will reduce the chance of infection, improve healing time and reduce scarring.

Many breeds of dogs are susceptible to ear infections. With certain ear infections dogs or cats can develop an aural hematoma of the pinna (outer ear flap). This happens when a blood vessel bursts inside the pinna usually secondary to scratching or shaking the head. Aural hematomas often require surgical repair in order for the ear to heal properly.

Tearing in your pet’s eyes can mean an infection is present or it may be a sign the cornea (outer layer of the eye itself) has been damaged. A damaged cornea may require soft tissue surgery to repair the cornea or eyelids so the eye can heal faster with less scarring. Less scarring will improve the ability of your pet to see. In some animals, the cornea (outer layer of the eye) may be damaged by the eyelid hairs surrounding the eye. Surgical intervention involving the eyelid improves the comfort in these animals. It also reduces the chances of corneal scarring and enhances the animal’s vision in the long term.

When a pet ingests an object they aren’t supposed to eat, surgery may be required to retrieve the object from the stomach or intestines. Once the object is removed, the intestines and stomach will heal and allow food to pass once again.

Orthopedic Surgery

Orthopedic surgery refers to surgery involving the bones and associated structures.

There are many different situations where bone surgery may be necessary including leg fractures, hip dysplasia, disc disease, torn ligaments, etc. Most orthopedic surgeries can be performed at our clinic. Occasionally we refer our patients to a Board Certified surgeon to perform back surgery and other very complex surgeries.

Laser Surgery

Some of our hospitals offer laser surgery for your pet.

A laser creates a specific tissue reaction depending on the wavelength of laser light it produces. For example, CO2 lasers emitting infrared light at 10,600nm, have an exceptional absorption by the water molecules normally found in soft tissue. This CO2 laser energy instantly vaporizes the intracellular water, vaporizing the cells, while leaving the surrounding tissue virtually unaffected. This action makes the CO2 laser the best choice for general soft tissue surgery by producing the following benefits:

Less Pain

CO2 laser energy seals nerve endings as it moves through tissue. As a result, the patient feels less pain post-operatively.

Less Swelling

CO2 laser energy seals lymphatic vessels. Additionally, because only a beam of invisible light contacts the tissue, there is no bruising or tearing of tissue. This reduced tissue trauma minimizes inflammatory responses, reducing swelling.

Less Bleeding

Laser energy seals small blood vessels as it cuts. When defocused, the laser becomes an effective coagulation device. Not only does the hemostatic cutting benefit the patient, it provides a clear, dry surgical field for the surgeon. Without bleeders continually obstructing the field, the overall procedure time may be decreased, and the visualization of the anatomy is unsurpassed.

Quicker Recovery

Decreased bleeding, swelling, and pain means the patient can return to normal activity and the home environment faster. This provides benefits for the patient, client and veterinarian.

Ablation

The unique ability of a CO2 laser to vaporize (ablate or “erase”) tissue sets it apart from any other surgical tool, even other lasers. With the proper tips and power settings, the CO2 Laser can be used to precisely remove tissue layer by layer, or to aggressively vaporize entire tumors.

Anesthesia & Patient Monitoring

Anesthesia and patient monitoring varies greatly among clinics.

When you choose your veterinarian, be sure to question the types of anesthetics used and the protocols for monitoring anesthesia. Often the more expensive anesthetics are safer to use; however, anesthetics are also chosen for other reasons including their ability to control pain.

Local Anesthesia

A local anesthetic causes a loss of sensation to a ‘local’ area to control pain. Small surgical or diagnostic procedures may require a local anesthetic to perform. Some common procedures that require local anesthesia include biopsies, tooth extractions, and laceration repairs.

Tranquilization / Sedation

Tranquilization or sedation is used to calm an animal under various conditions. The animal remains awake or may ‘sleep’ but is easily aroused when stimulated. Pet owners frequently request sedation for their animals during travel, thunderstorms, fireworks, etc. Sedation and tranquilization are not without risk and each animal should be assessed prior to dispensing these medicines.

General Anesthesia

A general anesthetic results in a loss of consciousness and a loss of sensation throughout the body.

Most general anesthetic procedures involve several steps beginning with the administration of a sedative. An intravenous injection of an anesthetic renders the animal unconscious while a breathing tube is placed into the animal’s trachea. A gas anesthetic is delivered in combination with oxygen to the animal via the breathing tube to maintain the state of unconsciousness.

Most anesthetics used in animals today are the same anesthetics used in humans. Although general anesthetics are significantly safer than they have been in the past, there is still the remote chance of an anesthetic accident. There are many ways to reduce the risk associated with anesthesia including a thorough physical examination and blood work prior to anesthesia. Intravenous catheters, IV fluids, anesthetic monitoring equipment and protocol can also contribute to a safer anesthesia.

Patient Monitoring

During general anesthesia, our patients are monitored closely by a veterinary technician (nurse) for heart rate, respiratory rate, capillary refill time and blood pressure. A change in blood pressure is an early indicator that a pet may be running into trouble. Monitoring blood pressure, pulse, and respirations allows us to intervene earlier and prevent any anesthetic risk to your pet.

 

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